India’s National Emblem is the Ashoka Chakra, adapted from the Lion capital of Ashoka (an ancient Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty erected in the year 250 B.C.) near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India.
At the base of the Indian National Emblem, the Indian National Motto “Satyameva Jayate”, meaning “Truth alone will triumph” , a mantra from the ancient Indian scripture Mundaka Upanishad has been inscribed in Devanagari script.
The Indian National Emblem and the inscribed words “Satyameva Jayate” are printed on one side of all the Indian currency notes.
The logo of the Supreme Court of India also is the Ashoka Chakra. However, in the logo of the Supreme Court of India, instead of the Indian national logo “सत्यमेव जयते”, the following words have been inscribed: ।। यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः ।। meaning, ‘where there is Dharma there is victory’.
‘Satyam’ means Truth and ‘Dharma’ means Justice.
An individual Indian has approached the Supreme Court of India under RTI/Right To Information Act, seeking to know the basis, such as any enactment, guidelines, notification or regulation for having the logo of the Supreme Court of India inscribed with the lines, ।। यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः ।।.
In the above connections, the Central Information Commission (CIC) has asked the Supreme Court to make public the reasons behind adopting the line ।। यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः ।। mentioned in its logo under the Lion Capital of Ashoka instead of the “सत्यमेव जयते” which is part of the Indian National emblem.